India is a democratic country and because of the diversity in caste, culture, geography and religion, the country is separated in 28 different states. All the states have majority of different cultures like most of Punjabis found in Punjab, Gujaratis reside in Gujarat and most of the Bengalis live in West Bengal. And moreover the people residing in these states follow the rituals and festivals of these locations.
Each state has its own choices and believes admitted by the people residing there and governing the variety of majority and diverse condition is a challenge in itself among the ruling party. Every citizen of India has right to vote and select the choice of government with no influence by the party and promoting organizations. The political atmosphere here in India is also far tactful and hard to understand.
|Election process in india|
To conduct the fair elections in country, Constitution of India has set-up a separate department of Election Commission of India which is complete unrestricted from any political party and even from the ruling party governing India. The Commission department make sure that no manipulations take place during the elections and a fair results declare for the government. The citizens select the MLAs and MPs for State Assembly and Lok Sabha. The party in majority at State Elections selects Chief Minister for the State and Central Party selects Prime Minister of India, the combined voting from MLAs and Mps are responsible to select the President of India.
Mentioned below 6 major steps will explain the election process in India:
- Constituencies formation
During Lok Sabha Elections, the whole country has been separated in different constituencies and every Member of Parliament i.e. each seat of parliament is considered as a constituency and these parliamentary constituencies divided in 545 different parts. One Member of Parliament selected from each constituencies for Lok Sabha which is also known as lower house of parliament. Lok Sabha forms Delimitation Commission who creates constituencies based on geographical differences, area of administration and state boundaries.
- Nomination Criteria
Successful constituency’s formation then leads to nominees selection, and these nominees are the name given by the different political parties to stand in the elections. These nominees should be above 30 years of age who wants to participate in State Legislative Council i.e. Rajya Sabha. They have to file their name and have to sign nomination papers in returning office.
The nominee can be disqualified from his seat in the below mentioned cases:
- Incompetent declaration by Court
- Direct or indirect profit earning from Government of India
- Insolvent undischarged
- Non-citizen of India
- Votes Scrutiny
Each candidate applied for the seat in Lok Sabha has to deposit a security amount of Rs 10000 and that reduces upto 50% if the candidate is a SC or ST. The returning officers scrutinized the paper submitted by the nominee and the he/ she can be can be banned for the next 6 years from the elections, if papers found forged or unsatisfactory.
- Election Promotion
The political parties promote their candidate participating in elections through vairious election campaigns, charity, speeches on different locations and involve media to convey them to every house in India. These campaigns have to be stopped before 48 hours of the elections to avoid any manipulations and frauds.
At the time of election, voting booths have been established in different locations for residents to cast their votes and government employees are appointed on these booths to run the election process. Now a days electronic devices to cast vote is there over which parties name and logos are mentioned with a button beside every party. The voters only have to click the button in-front of their desired party and the votes are private and not disclosed with anyone.
- Results Declaration
After the votes cast, the election booths are sealed by the volunteers and the vote’s count take place under the supervision of Election Commission of India. The final results have been declared within a day or two after the complete calculation of votes.